The Murphy Challenge

Minnesota Report

Yesterday, former Representative and unsuccessful Gubernatorial candidate Erin Murphy (DFL-64, St Paul) announced her intention to challenge 30-year incumbent Dick Cohen ((DFL-64, St Paul). This is after Murphy had announced her formation of a new advocacy group Our Stories Our Health.

It is clear Murphy is seeking an angle to get back into the public policy arena, but the problem is she lives in a community where the opportunities are quite limited politically unless someone dies or as she did moves on to a higher office. Her challenge is reminiscent of Rep Sandy Pappas (DFL-65B, St Paul) in challenging 10-year incumbent Sen Don Moe (DFL-65, St Paul). Moe brother of then-Senate Majority Leader Roger Moe (DFL-02, Erskine) lost to Pappas in the Primary and because St Paul is a DFL town the rest is history or in this case herstory.

Murphy is not one shy on bucking tradition or the establishment. Had she remained in the statehouse she likely would have become Speaker, but instead, she mounted a campaign to be the state’s top elected official but failed to solidify the state only carrying the 5th Congressional District. In the House, she broke with tradition when she joined Speaker Paul Thissen (DFL-61B, Minneapolis) as Majority Leader, which had been a seat for Greater Minnesota in order to strike a balance. Coincidently, current Speaker Melissa Hortman (DFL-36B, Brooklyn Park) and Majority Leader Ryan Winkler (DFL-46A, Golden Valley) are both suburbanites.

A political place for Murphy is something we heard about since her loss. People have communicated discussions about her potential challenge to DFL Party Chair Ken Martin and also she was mentioned as a potential challenger to Congresswoman Betty McCollum (DFL-MN04). Since neither of these materialized it appears, she settled on Cohen. This will be a major wake-up call to him and force an organizational effort on his part he hasn’t exercised for over three decades.

Since it’s clear this will be a gender-based campaign expressing the progressive accolades it will be a firefight from the convention floor onto the Primary, because its doubtful either will take the decision of the delegates as the final answer. We’ll see if an immigrant Wisconsinite (Murphy) can unsettle a native Minnesotan (Cohen).

Ward 6 Interviews (Bourne)

Minnesota Report

Since Ward 6 is the only open seat in the St Paul municipal elections we thought it would be significant to sit down with the various candidates we feel who actually have a chance at winning the seat. As anyone who reads Checks & Balances knows we are a staunch opponent to the illegally passed system of Ranked Choice Voting and believe it is detrimental to our democratic political process.

We will be posting the interviews gathered last month, but are asking candidates a follow-up question in regard to their specific proposals on how to address gun violence in the city of St Paul. The first interviewee is Alexander Bourne, who has as yet to submit his answer to our follow-up question and referred us to a forum he had on the issue. This is not an answer to the question, which we are waiting for.

We will be posting an audio file and a transcript of the entire interviews for Bourne, Kassim Busarri and Terri Thao. We had a scheduled meeting with Nelsie Yang but due to a last-minute conflict on our side, we missed the meeting, afterward Ms Yang has shown no interest in rescheduling, she has been asked personally on two separate occasions, and arrogantly is declining the interview. It is sad to see political figures adopt such a pose when in pursuit of the public trust.

The Alexander Bourne Interview

C&B: Doing an interview with Alexander Bourne outside his campaign office.

C&B: Mr Bourne can you tell me where you were born.

Bourne: Chicago, IL

C&B: When did you move to MN.

Bourne: 1995

C&B: When did you move to Ward 6.

Bourne: 1995

C&B: Can you tell me what is your Borne Identity?

Bourne:  Are you asking what’s my race?

C&B: Well there was a movie.

Bourne: I am familiar.

C&B: I’m asking you as Alexander Bourne, what is your Bourne Identity?

Bourne: Um, I think, the more important thing is going to be the identity for the eastside, you know, this is the first opportunity in 23-years we’re going to have new representation, you know so it’s imperative that everyone take the necessary steps to make sure their voices are heard and reflected throughout the campaign and throughout the next four years, while whoever is in office representing them.

C&B: It’s always a tactic in politics not to answer a question when it’s asked, why did you not answer my question?

Bourne: Why did you ask a broad ass question?

C&B: Because, I wanted to see what your answer would be.

Bourne: Alright.

C&B: So, in the first 100 days, if you were elected, what would you be doing, what would you accomplish?

Bourne: Making sure that we are implementing and embracing policies that adequately reflect who we are as a community and abolishing those that do not. Ah, you know, public safety and accountability, I think that we should immediately begin to take the necessary steps to expand our mental health unit. Um, I think the police department needs to explore new and effective officer training with an emphasis on de-escalation and the use of force. Now, in the city of St Paul people do not feel protected. You know, they’re scared and um we want to help change that narrative. That’s an interest of mine. When we talk about housing, and development and land use and things along those lines, we could start by abolishing the trash program on it’s entirety, right now we have a trash program that many people feel not included in when we talk about the implementation process ah, you know, we really need to revisit and take a look at that again.

C&B: As far as we know the trash program was implemented poorly, what specifically would you do to change that program?

Bourne: So right now you’ve got individuals paying, double as much for half as less, excuse me for half as much, and so I think a real key component of it is for instance our elder, a lot of them don’t consume a lot of trash right, so we should have an option for them to select the trash can that is amicable to their usage. Right now, that is not the case, you have a lot of people on fixed incomes and so that additional 20, 30, 40% hike, you know that makes a difference.

C&B: Do you think it should be on a sliding fee scale?

Bourne: That’s an option that can be explored. I think right now, we just need to get stakeholders back to the table paired with community members both renters and homeowners, to craft something reflective of who we are.

C&B: Who has more value homeowners or renters?

Bourne: A renter.

C&B: A renter?

Bourne: Absolutely.

C&B: Why?

Bourne: I think a renter because a homeowner could live anywhere, whereas we know, a renter we know is living right here in the community. Now, if you want to talk about homeowners that live in the community as opposed you know, to people that rent in the same community, um, there is no hierarchy, and I think right now we need to make that very clear to a lot of individuals. Because right now we have this whole ah, homeowners being pinned against renters and vice-a-versa and it really shouldn’t be that way.

C&B: What do you think about the implementation of eviction notices and things of that order, basically people that are challenged in meeting their obligations?

Bourne: What do you mean?

C&B: State law sets up the eviction process but its implementation is at the local level through the sheriff’s office and the local court system. What should the city council do to address that?

Bourne: What’s ideal? If someone isn’t adhering to their financial obligations or a quality of living obligations then the necessary steps need to be taken. But on the flipside of that, we need to make sure that we have a nice ration taking place. The amount of money that property owners receive as opposed to the property, excuse me, the amount of money that property owners are reinvesting into those properties, those living spaces. Because right now you have a lot of people renting at astronomical rental rates for very low-quality living spaces, and that is really unfortunate.

C&B: What would you do about absentee landlords?

Bourne: I always say, you know, we are going to take the necessary steps to excuse me, reward landlords and hold slumlords accountable. What that process looks like right now, I don’t really know, but I can tell you that we have a lot of individuals committed to assuring that that very thing happens.

C&B: You’re running under a system called Ranked Choice Voting, what’s your opinion on that system?

Bourne: I think Ranked Choice is good for business, it gives people options it allows people to explore candidates, support candidates without the fear of guilt for lack a better set of terms. Um, if you don’t like Ranked Choice just bullet vote it’s just that simple. But right now, voters need a choice. You know voters need a choice and a choice without guilt and Ranked Choice voting gives individuals just that.

C&B: Did you know Ranked Choice voting was illegally passed in the city of St Paul? They actually, manipulated the process by claiming that it was sponsored by Barack Obama, John McCain, Ralph Nader, and the League of Women Voters and the DFL Party and they were found guilty of in a court of law as having misrepresented that system?

Bourne: Um, no, I am not familiar with the legalities of it.

C&B: So, if the system was an illegal passage, should it be the process we’re using?

Bourne: I mean, that’s not my job to dispute the legalities of you know what sounds like things that have already been preceded in the courtroom. Right now, I’m a candidate for St Paul City Council Ward 6, and we have Ranked Choice Voting.

C&B: You’re running under the system you have.

Bourne: Implemented in our race.

C&B: Tell me what a pitch is to a voter on how to get their second choice?

Bourne: On how to get their second choice?

C&B: Yep, on how you become their second choice. What do you say to them?

Bourne: Well, me personally, you know, if winning wasn’t important, they wouldn’t keep score. You know, and in politics its votes. And, so. I don’t play to lose.

C&B: Tell me the pitch to be second choice. How do you say it at the door?

Bourne: Well, we never ask for second choice, you know we, what we have to do to assure that people feel comfortable with putting u in the first choice um, I think, I think, I think, we do a good job of letting people know they will have options and they can support all candidates, but that’s not really something we engage in, so.

C&B: So what would you like to say to a voter right now that’s listening to this recording?

Bourne: This is a historical race, you know, you need to get engaged you need to ensure that you are registered to vote in the house that you live in on November the fifth, even if you are a convicted felon, if you are off probation or parole, on November the 5th you can vote. My office is located at 1197 Payne Avenue, right on the corner of Payne and Maryland I highly encourage you to stop in and meet with me. I am usually here every day at 10 O’clock personal cell phone number is 612 458-2353. Again, that’s 612 458-2353 you can also contact us via our website at that’s

C&B: Now, that you mention that, one last question, why don’t you have the right domain name on your lawn signs?

Bourne: Actually, our original website ah, was that website was hijacked so we had to make an adjustment and we ultimately determined that alexjbourne was better suitable.

C&B: Well, thank you for your time.

Bourne: Thank you

The Biggest Challenger to Minnesota in the US Census Contest is Wisconsin

Minnesota Report

In 2010, Wisconsin finished first in the nation and outpaced Minnesota in second by 1 percentage point in completion of the Census forms. The Badger state showed an 82% completion rate compared to our own of 81%. In 2000, the results were the same except Wisconsin completed 85% compared to our 81%.

This is a situation that any true Minnesotan should take an offense and we call on Governor Tim Walz (DFL-MN) to challenge Governor Tony Evers (D-WI) to a new border battle and capture the first position. This is significant for our state because whether or not Minnesota retains eight Congressional seats is only determined by actual Census results and not any form of speculative numbers. Since they regularly wager over sporting events, why not apply the same mentality to something even more significant.

Previously, we enacted the hashtag #MNvWI and it is time for it to resurface.

A review of the population estimates up to 2018, show Minnesota is on the bubble, but more recent data expresses different results. This new trend line favors a holding of the seat. This is why additional efforts are necessary. Because the determination will be only drawn from “Hard Numbers,” actually completed Census forms, each percentage point we increase over past years will significantly improve our prospects, in fact, one could argue if we had a 100% participation rate, we could even gain a seat. The variance we hear from the office of the State Demographer says, “We are either -27,000 or +26,000.” This means the differential is 53,000 people.

Since hard numbers are all that matter, the number of people who fill out their Census form is paramount. To that end, the Federal government under Donald J Trump (R) has once again failed in its obligation to the states of our nation by cutting back on the financial resources to collect this important data.

The state and municipal governments at the county and city levels need to step-up and challenge each other to assist in completing Census forms. School districts should challenge one another and the schools within a district should challenge each other because we all will benefit from a higher participation rate by retention of eight Congressional Districts and through more federal dollars coming into our state.

The projected population in the instance of eight Congressional Districts is 710,000 people compared to 810,000 for seven Congressional Districts.

There are four specific factors that will affect participation.

  1. Declining survey response rate.
  2. Mobility
  3. Language of the respondent i.e. Diversity
  4. Amount of money dedicated to process

The most significant factor we learned that has the greatest sizable impact on this is Diversity. Minnesota is projected to have greater than 20% of its population consist of people of color. This group is also significantly diversified among itself. The variety of languages, immigration status and fear of government is far higher in this community and hence will provide a significantly more complex set of approaches, while fewer dollars are available.

If you would like to track this issue we suggest you follow this site.

Minnesota Current Projections,US/PST045218

If you are interested in knowing how Congressional Districts populations are determined then go here, but a word of warning the formulas use square roots and personally we haven’t tackled those since high school.

Computing Apportionment

Ultimately, the place to go is here because they are following every piece of information relevant.

The final projections for populations will be released by the Census Bureau mid-December and after that only the real hard numbers will matter.

The Voice of the People Will Be the Final Judge and Jury on Trump’s Impeachment

National Report

The impeachment proceeding of Donald J Trump (R) may have seemed destined from the start of his administration because he entered into office with no prior governmental experience and appeared to show disdain and disregard to formal convention and past practices. His approach of viewing nearly every issue in light of how it shined upon him is a narcissistic viewpoint.

It is not surprising the Trump Administration did not release the entirety of the transcript of the phone call with the Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky. The Whistleblower memo and subsequent testimony will provide many avenues for investigation and so far have corroborated the most egregious allegations.

As only the fourth President to be Impeached, which only means prosecuted, Trump carries a black mark into history only shared by Andrew Johnson (17), Richard M Nixon (37) and William J Clinton (42). This black cloud will now dog him like Schleprock on the Pebbles and Bamm-Bamm cartoon.

The hearings in the six various committees will now move forward with more investigative authority and the response of the administration will likely determine most of what happens. Any obstruction will be seen as a tactic to defend and will be grounds for additional impeachable offenses.

As more information is unearthed it will lead to additional questions and inquiries. Even though the first judges, in this case, will the US Senate, but the ultimate judges and jury will be the American people during the 2020 November elections.

As the discovery process occurs and witnesses are brought before the various committees to testify, we will see a shaping narrative. Granted, Trump’s base may holdfast in support of him, there will likely be an erosion of support in the Middle of the electorate especially in Middle America. The adage of where there is smoke there is fire seems to apply.

These proceedings will need to be well orchestrated and focused on issues of significance and with there being six different venues and lines of questions made by Democrats intent on exposing wrongdoings and Republicans poised in large part to defend their President and protect their own election prospects in 2020 it will be a constant sparring match.

In politics, we always believe the best approach is to keep things simple, and a panoply of charges against Trump may not be the best approach, in spite of the fact, there may be a laundry list. If the more egregious charges are held up as most significant and the lesser ones are treated as add-ons the Democrats may be able to bring the American electorate along and in turn the Republican US Senators.

But, unless the focus is on abuse of power, national security and corruption Republicans will continue to paint this process in a partisan light. The fact that moderate Democrats seem to be drawn into this unwillingly is significant, but the exuberance of the more liberal elements will be where the conservative voices focus their attention. This will be a good time for those on the left to take a backseat, accept their due credit for lighting the fire, but now sit back and watch it burn, without throwing additional gasoline on to the pyre.

2019 Budget Agreement

Last night, Governor Tim Walz (DFL-MN), House Speaker Melissa Hortman (DF_36B, Brooklyn Park) and Senate Majority Leader Paul Gazelka (R-09, Nisswa) announce a budget agreement for the 2020-21 legislative session. What we found most interesting was Gazelka’s characterization of negotiations, “It was a draw. That’s what we have here.”

The total package comes in at $48.3 billion in spending obligations, does Federal Tax conformity, but changes other collection to reflect a zero-tax increase, reduces the 2nd tier of income tax from 7.02% to 6.8 by 2022, provides 2% increases in education funding each year of the biennium, does not include a gas tax or license tab fees and reduced the Health Care Provider tax from 2% to 1.8% eliminating the sunset provision. To get to the finish line the budget reserve is tapped leaving $491 million. One significant salient point made by Gazelka, because of the vetos the last legislative session of the “Omnibus Prime Bill” there was more money in the Budget Reserve. Also, because of the lack of Federal Conformity, the state took in more money.

Minnesota government is set to grow about a half percent greater than the rate of inflation and provides funding for a multitude of state programs. The final agreement accounts for an increase in spending 5.8% over the 2019-20 budget. All sides agreed to a $500 million bonding bill with a large amount being spent for housing. Additionally, the leadership group agreed to the formation of a Blue-Ribbon committee charged with finding $100 million in health and human services cost saving by 2023.

As we learned in the press conference and had declared last week, we knew that only agreed to policy provisions will be allowed to advance. Hortman said the only bills that will pass are, “Only bills that are okay Sen Gazelka and okay with me.”

Now, the focus will be on the Conference Committees, We found it interesting when watching the committee proceeding, specifically in Health and Human Services, where Sen Michelle Benson (R-31, Ham Lake) flipped through her version of the bill and it was clearly recognizable where the highlights of green, yellow and red could be seen. We expect green was agreed to, yellow possible agreement, either once targets became known, or some tweaking of the policy language and red full stop.

As we are tracking this and the other Conference Committees the agreed to language is continuing to move forward and we expect they will make the floor in short order.

It is clear not all of the work will be done on-time though Walz a former football coach called that “overtime,”, and when asked when a Special Session would be Hortman said, she believed by Thursday this week.


($ in millions)
FY 2020-21 FY 2022-23
Ag, Housing & Broadband 59.511 13.900
E-12 Education 540.000 719.000
Economic Development 10.000 -5.900
Environment 13.780 7.900
Health & Human Services* -357.849 -557.210
Higher Education 150.000 150.000
Public Safety 125.000 150.000
State Government 63.374 61.418
Transportation 93.454 1.352
Taxes 0.000 0.000
Bonding Debt Service 27.320 49.093
Vulnerable Adults 30.849 24.210
Others Bills 4.471 4.300
*This reflects increased spending, offset by health care access fund resources of 4270 million in FY 20-21 and $514 in FY 22-23 an$142 million from the Premium Security Account in FY 20-21

Taxpayers Versus Tax-takers

Minnesota Report

Before his election of US House Speaker Paul Ryan (R-WI01) used to refer to the people of our nation as the Makers v. the Takers. This juxtaposes against the Democratic view of the Haves v. the Have Nots. As we listen to the discussions about the budget and hear Senate Majority Leader Paul Gazelka (R-09, Nisswa) say he is looking out for the taxpayers of Minnesota the counterpoint is clearly against those who receive benefits from the State of Minnesota.

Us v them rhetoric is conflictual and counterproductive to the advancement of any worthy solution. If the point is merely to protect for those who have against those who need then we are a heartless society. If the purpose is to advance the agenda of the state for all of its citizens to benefit then the conversation needs to shift.

If the position remains, I will fight for me and mine against you and yours then we are truly the society of Trump Where my interests trump your, I win.

Republicans 5% Solution is Not Enough

State Senate Republicans are making a simple argument which on its face sounds reasonable and even logical, but it is far from adequate when they call for a 5% increase of expenditures over 2018-19 expenditures. Yesterday, outside of the Governor Tim Walz’s (DFL-MN) office Senate Majority Leader Paul Gazelka (R-09, Nisswa) made this very case.

If Republicans like user fees and want to allow people the freedom to spend their own money as they will they should look to sports betting as a viable angle. Here is a solid way to put money on the table and put Governor Tim Walz and Lt Governor Peggy Flanagan (DFL-MN) administration in a bid. If the state authorized sports betting they could foster surpluses of revenue going into the future and create some strife in the Native American Gaming Casinos because their compacts with the state of Minnesota do not allow that type of gambling and if they wanted to compete they would need to reopen the state compacts to do so and Republicans have been angling for a way to do so for years.

Innovation and Rapid Construction is Stymied by Conservative Development Ideas

Minnesota Report

As we listen to conversations around the legislature about affordable housing, sustainable development, and construction jobs, one would think Minnesota is in desperate needs for new development. This is not the case; many people are working in this industry and the constant work on traditional construction projects is actually part of the problem.

Last week, we attended an annual forum hosted by the Young Leaders Committee of the Minnesota Chapter of the Urban Land Institute, which is not a new organization, it has been in existence since 1936, called Thinking Inside the Box: A Spotlight on Modular and Shipping Container Construction.

During the event, we learned a number of things about the development community, one of which is traditional institutions i.e. lenders and regulators are not embracing new development methods very swiftly and because of this fact, there are fewer affordable housing projects and multi-unit construction projects being completed to offset the ever-increasing housing needs.

The implementation of modular construction over a traditional stick build can be completed in ¾ of the time with a price point that is comparable and create a significant net cost benefit in a commercial setting. Nate Jenkins of Mortenson Construction highlighted a project for Citizen M and showed a development scheduled to take 17 months finished in 13 months with a net cost benefit of $5.32 million. The construction of a modular building allows for the work to be done off-sight and shipped to the location for installation rather than the only work taking place on-sight. This plug and play aspect allow for the plumbing, electrical, and HVAC needs to be addressed in each segment built.

Later during the panel discussion, we were informed about the start of a modular construction company called Rise Modular, currently building a plant in Albert Lea, with eyes on the Twin Cities and Rochester communities.

Shipping Containers

Additionally, we were exposed to the use of cargo shipping containers as a means to recycle a commodity that is being integrated into the United States at a significant rate because it is cheaper to ship build the container and ship it fully loaded from China rather than have it returned.

This surplus of Cor-Ten Steel is structural sound, wind and watertight assemblage and is advantageous because the container is designed to bear 47,000 lbs of weight and its corner points can bear over better than double that capacity. The corrugated side walls are also valuable in the load bearing calculation. This structure also presents an opportunity for off-site construction and the ability to cut apertures in the side walls for windows and doors is best done through the use of plasma cutting torches.

We envision the ability to create a vibrant industry for both the assemblage and off-site work. Once municipalities open their eyes to the socio-economic opportunities this new construction method presents. One, fundamental problem is the International Building Code does not currently recognize shipping containers a viable construction platform for housing.

During the discussion, Breck Crandell, a designer with Three Squared™ out of Detroit, MI, expressed their work with local churches and community groups as avenues to a supportive community for building workforce housing.

In a community development system, it would seem that the goals for affordable housing, sustainable development, and construction jobs might find even greater opportunity by embracing more innovative construction methods. Here is a prime opportunity for the government to lead and business to follow.

Walz’s Numbers Don’t Add Up Well

Minnesota Report

Governor Tim Walz (DFL-MN) was a social study teacher and not a math teacher, so its not all surprising to learn that the numbers in his budget don’t add up well for the economically disadvantaged and this is in large part because there is not a shared sacrifice with all income brackets and DFLers are too timid to create a truly fairer system.

From an analysis of his own Department of Revenue, Minnesotans on the bottom half of the income scale will see an average tax increase of 9.9% while the upper half will only see a 5.9% increase. This structural differential is something the former social studies teacher can better understand. The burden of taxation falls harder on the lower income brackets than it does on the higher ones because a dollar is taxed differently in each instance. If every dollar from wage income to investment income were taxed equally then disparities like this would not exist.

When Governor Mark Dayton (DFL-MN) proposed a restoration of the fourth tier of income tax he bent this inequity, but Republicans decried it as a tax grab. Now, Walz can see the full impact of his proposals and maybe it will embolden him to be more aggressive in support of his own agenda and more receptive to changes that come out of the legislative process now that this impact in known.

Sanders, Buttigieg and Harris All Miss the Point

National Report

During the CNN town hall, when US Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT) stated his support for a universal reenfranchisement of the voting rights for felons including the Boston Marathon Bombers (Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and Tamerlan Tsarnaev) and sexual offenders and referring to them as “terrible people” he clearly missed the point. As did South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg (D-IN) and US Senator Kamala Harris (D-CA).

Neither of these candidates for President grasped the opportunity to discuss this issue based on restorative justice and call the nation’s attention to the fact, linkage of voting rights with felonies was a Southern Strategy to violate the 15th Amendment (Voting Rights for Black males) and the installation of Jim Crow Laws. This is something northern states adopted and should have never occurred.

Granted, societally laws can be passed to exclude certain “objectionable people from participating in a society based on acts they have committed against society, but that is a separate issue. It would be easy to deny voting rights to a convicted terrorist or child molester, but the rash of non-violent offenders that inhabit prisons across the nation is a moral injustice and their loss of enfranchisement only exacerbates their reintegration into society.

Additionally, the counting of these people as residents of the communities in which they are housed is another moral outrage. Why should an incarcerated person be counted as part of the census in these communities? Why, when military members join up are, they afforded a “home of record” while they travel about the country and throughout the world, but ultimately know where they are from, couldn’t a prisoner be giving the same rights and privileges? Wouldn’t this keep them connected to the place they are from rather than the situation in which they exist?

Also, the losses incurred for the communities they left is an example of how those communities lose not only because of the crime committed, but the count of the person, which results in lower federal and state funding. It structurally erodes the community.

Presidential Survivor Series

National Report

With the current list of 2020 Democratic candidates being sixteen long, with at least one more (former Vice-President Joe Biden) waiting in the wings, the activities for winnowing the field will be quite strenuous. The ability for any candidate to stretch the field and separate themselves from the pack will be a series of maneuvers and missteps.

With his announcement, followed by the one-day fundraising figures of $6.1 million, former Congressman Beto O’Rourke (D-TX) leads in the Money Primary, supplanting US Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT) figure of $5.8 million. As each candidate struggles to gain any traction and climb out with better than double digits for gauged support and increases in Name Id, it’s clear, the coffers need to continue to fill.

Both O’Rourke and Sanders have a significant amount of breathing space.

In case you are unclear who is on the list here, it is in alphabetical order.

US Senator Cory Booker (D-NJ)

Mayor Pete Buttigieg (D-South Bend, IN)

Former Transportation Secretary Julian Castro (D)

Former Congressman John Delaney (D-MD)

Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard (D-HI02)

US Senator Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)

US Senator Kamala Harris (D-CA)

Governor John Hickenlooper (D-CO)

Governor Jay Inslee (D-WA)

US Senator Amy Klobuchar (DFL-MN)

Mayor Wayne Messam (D-Miramar, FL)

Former Congressman Beto O’Rourke (D-TX)

US Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT)

US Senator Elizabeth Warren (D-MA)

Marianne Williamson (D-CA)

Andrew Yang (D-NY)

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